Data and patent protection: understanding the difference

first_imgThe patent, which usually lasts 20 years, covers the chemical or biological substance on which a new medicine is based.Data protection refers to the ‘data file’ developed following testing of a new compound after a medicine receives its marketing go-ahead.Companies can apply for a five-year patent period extension, ie up to 25 years, an option available since 1992. While the data-protection period is set at five years in the United States, it has been fixed at either six or ten in the EU-15. Under the current proposals, member states can choose to allow marketing of a drug that has only received national authorization elsewhere. The centralized procedure allows marketing throughout the EU. The pharma package envisages giving generic companies the right to register products based on original brands after eight years (they may not, however, market them for a further two years). An additional year has been added to cover any new indications – hence ‘8+2+1’ .Major pharma manufacturers lobbied hard for a simpler ’10+1′ formula, but this was thrown out in a first reading by MEPs, although it was later backed by health ministers. Biotech firms previously adhered to a ten-year data-protection period and are strongly opposed to the ‘8+2+1’ compromise.Most of the ten incoming member states, which had no data-protection periods, agreed during accession talks to adopt a six-year period (although Poland initially got three).But they will also eventually have to adopt the ‘8+2+1’ formula in the enlarged EU of 25, if the pharma package stays as it is now.Manufacturers of generic medicines can only sell their versions of a brand-name product after its patent has expired. But they can – once the data protection period has expired – submit a substance for marketing authorization.This can be done either via the national authorities (decentralized procedure) or through the London-based European Medical Evaluation Agency (centralized procedure).last_img read more

Yonder’s Ben Kaufmann On Following The Music, Wherever It Takes Him

first_imgYonder Mountain String Band‘s bassist Ben Kaufmann has been enjoying a sense of renewal and rebirth for the last year and a half, as new additions Jacob Jolliff and Allie Kral have changed the group’s live dynamic. Added to Dave Johnston‘s plucky banjo and Adam Aijala‘s soulful guitar strumming, the five-piece is creating a fuller, more nuanced version of the band that is only now starting to hint at the incredible future they have as an ensemble.Our own Rex Thomson caught up with Kaufmann, talking with him about how the new line up is progressing, the importance of social media in music, and pushing the boundaries of their sound into new, exciting directions. Read on for the exclusive conversation.Live For Live Music: It looks like you had some fun ringing in the new year, especially with the different cover theme nights. How was the process of learning all those songs for you?Ben Kaufmann: It was awesome. It was a lot of work. We ended up doing 18 new songs that we learned over those days. So we were either rehearsing or playing for like three to five hours a day before playing. Also we had the guests, so we had to basically teach them, basically, the show. So we played a lot. But it was a really good idea. We go to play a bunch of songs we either had always really loved or in some cases songs that will be staying in rotation. We thought outside the box. There are some songs that we pulled off that…I don’t know…they really made me think that maybe there’s other ways to write music for us to play. It’s sort of inspiring to think of writing songs in the vein of the Smashing Pumpkins song we played that weekend.Yonder Mountain Covers Bowie, Stones, Dead & More At 70s Themed NYEL4LM: Like a creative filter in a way?BK: Yeah, or just sort of “Oh. I didn’t know we could play a song in that style and have it feel so good.” It’s different. It’s not bluegrass. It didn’t feel any thing like bluegrass to play it. It just worked though. I don’t know if it was because it was SO outside of the box, but it worked.It’s just another one of those quiet reminders that you don’t have to put any kind of restraints on. You don’t have to put yourself inside of a box. It’s just a good reminder that creativity is more wide open than you think it is. L4LM: Your fans, The Kinfolk, are always up to see you push the boundaries. Is this part of the material you’re getting ready for the new tour?BK: Yeah, I definitely think that it is. When we were gearing up to head out on this tour, we were talking about what songs we were gonna keep in rotation. We just got out of the studio right before we left, and we’re definitely experimenting with different sounds and plans. So those New Year’s shows did help start this conversation, musically.L4LM: A lot of bands who tour as extensively as you guys do seem to use the road as a proving ground for the new material. Will fans at these shows be getting sneak peeks to the new album?BK: Let me think. Nothing that we played over the New Years run will be on the new record. With the last record we did, Black Sheep, the majority of that was stuff that we wrote but not anything we played live.Yonder Shares Pro-Shot Video From Amazing Red Rocks PerformanceWe really kind of got off on that. I think we are gonna do our very best to approach the new record in the same way…rather than work them out onstage. So that, when it’s released, people will have ten new songs to have a first experience with. It sorta seems like a surprise that way. Like a Christmas morning.L4LM: In this age of spoilers, that seems kinda refreshing.BK: I like it. We wanna do it that way. The songs take a life of their own onstage anyway. We learned something, doing it that way, with Black Sheep. The songs take on a life of their own and you learn things about them. Sometimes after playing a song for a year, you start to rethink how you might have recorded them different.You think “Huh. Maybe we shoulda done this instead.” That’s the joy of playing in a live band. Songs can continue to grow, as you play them, and the way they are next year is not necessarily the way it’s gonna be now.L4LM: You seem like you’re due for like a live project, like a live record.BK: We’re workin’ on that. We’re gettin’ regular email requests for us to put together a list of what songs we’d want to feature. But think about it. Every show is available to any fan. Is there really any place for a specific live album any more?L4LM: Maybe not so much a show…maybe something more like a video.BK: Yeah, I think that’s where it’s at. I think that’s an area where Yonder could improve. I think it’s also a part of when we started, as a band. What you had to do, back then, is way different than what you have to do now, as far as generating content. It’s not enough anymore to let your fans tape and trade your shows, every night. You have to be constantly making videos and stuff to update your YouTube account. A band’s social media is the modern day equivalent of 15 radio station performances wrapped together in a day.You can generate more interest with one video than with thousands of interviews and on the air appearances. It’s simply a matter of time management. And having to wear different hats creatively. In this iteration of Yonder, we’re still running a lot of material for that night or new music. That takes up a lot of time, and that makes carving out some time to go do something interesting with the GoPro cameras…there’s only so many hours in the day.We can all play music…and I did go to film school…but that was twenty years ago. And wearing the creative hat, with visuals…That’s not something we’re particularly great at. We can’t exactly hire Steven Spielberg to come on tour with us…yet. It’s time consuming, but it’s important I think. It’s an area where we could improve people’s experience of us.L4LM: A lot of folks don’t look at this from a bigger picture. Yonder is more than a band, you’re a business based around traveling that employees several people. Beyond that, you’ve got wives and children back home. You HAVE to keep going. How hard is the balancing act?BK: Well..it helps that this way is the only way I’ve ever really known. I live on the tour bus six months out of the year, I live at home six months a year. To me…this IS life. This is what life looks like. Six months I get to see my son, six months I get to see my son on Skype. It depends on the day you catch me. Some days I’m just heart broken that I don’t get to see my son. Because of the way our tours work, every year I’m on the road on his birthday. I wish there was another way, but it is one of the weeks we’re working. It’s just the only way, logistically. On days like that, it’s heart breaking.At the same time, this is what I do, it’s what I’ve always done. Maybe eventually something will have to change. Maybe eventually something will happen is that makes a change necessary. But this is the only life I know. We ARE in the business of music. It’s never not being talked about. If we’re not on tour, we’re just taking a couple weeks off.I don’t know what I’d do if we took like a year off. I don’t know what I’d do. I don’t know if I would be making music or writing music like I am now. But I do know that I’m not going to have to worry about that, because it’s not going to happen. We’re always gonna be out there. This is something we’re all really enjoying. This is the way it’s gonna be.L4LM: You guys work with and host a couple festivals a year…Strings & Sol and the Northwest String Summit. Maybe part of the answer is to bring the families to those kinds of events, kill two birds with one stone.BK: Festivals are a great way to bring the families out. I’m often asked by people who’ve never seen the inside of a tour bus “Do you ever bring your family on the road with you?” I wanna ask them back “Are you fucking crazy?” A tour bus is no place for a child. Or a wife. Maybe for a day…but on tour? No, that’s insane.Strings & Sol, that one screams family vacation. String Summit as well. String Summit is one of the most family friendly events in the country. But again, something like that…it’s a great opportunity for family to show up…but we’re still working. We are going over music for hours, we’re working with our guests, we’re playing our side sets. It is still a workday for me and the rest of the musicians. The families can come out, but it still ends up being mom’s job to watch the kids, ’cause daddy has some work to do. Home is the place for hanging out with the family.L4LM: You’re well past the “New and Dangerous” stage with Allie and Jake. Has anything surprised you musically as you’ve gelled with them?BK: The things that I saw or identified about them early on that were sort of my instincts about them have just been solidified. Like Jacob. The first time I ever heard him play music I could identify that he was one of the best mandolin players on the planet. I could see folks like David Grisman and Sam Bush in quiet conversation like school girls talking about Jacob and how amazing he is. And how not only does he have the right technique, about how he plays it right. To see two of the modern masters of the instrument basically gushing over how good he is…yeah…I feel like that just sorta solidifies what I thought. He’s one of the best ever.And Allie…the thing that I’ve felt from the very beginning…from over the course of YEARS… she has something that I don’t know if you can develop. She just has this thing…you’re born with it. She’s the type of person, of personality, of performer…where it’s her turn to play a solo, and she hasn’t even played a note yet…and the audience is going crazy. They’re totally invested in her, in what she’s gonna do. I see it happen every night with her. She hasn’t even played a note yet, and the audience is going crazy.Something about her resonates with the audience. It’s something about her, about her talent, that’s just so rare. It’s an X factor I don’t have. It’s something to puzzle over. It’s something way more than “What note is she gonna play?” It’s an energy. She is operating at a different level than technique or style. I am in awe. It’s something ever so slighty divine.It’s something I can’t understand with my brain…It’s something I understand with my heart. That in Allie is as impressive to me as Jacob’s technical ability and creativity on the mandolin. Maybe you can learn to be as good as them, by practicing endlessly. You have to have been playing like that since you were seven. You gotta be inspired to never stop playing, to keep working at it. But then again, with Allie…she has obviously put in all the time in the world, but then she has that whole other thing.So there’s one answer to your question. The other surprises have been watching them find their home in Yonder Mountain, and what Yonder does. It was rough. I wouldn’t wish that on anyone, what they saw when they joined the band. All of a sudden Allie and Jake come in. I knew they were gonna catch a lot of hell. It’s a tough gig to step into.In that situation, I’d recommend to not read anything on the internet ever again. Stay away from the web then, ’cause people can be fucking awful. We’re all for the most part pretty sensitive beings. Whatever creative thing you’re trying to do, you don’t want it pissed all over. But watching them find a home, musically speaking, in this project, has been really good.L4LM: From the very beginning, Yonder brought a jam band aesthetic to your bluegrass sound. Is that still the mission statement of Yonder 2.0?BK: I’m in a band that’s like fifteen or sixteen years old, but also only like a year and a half old. It’s a weird sort of place to be in. I started trying to imagine the first iteration of Yonder, and what we were doing in the first part of our existence. I realized…we were just starting to experiment what it meant to be a jam band that was trying to be a bluegrass band. When we started out, we were just playing bluegrass. We were writing stuff that sounded like bluegrass. That was very much what we were trying to do. We were trying to be a bluegrass band. That was the starting point. That was the common language.And now, flash forward…this version of Yonder is a very much a new thing. But again, we began with bluegrass. That’s the common ground we are starting from again. As we started again, that’s the parallel I found. The whole styles are shifting towards the bluegrass. It’s only after you log miles together, when you play all these shows and you play these songs ten or fifteen times that the improvisation really begins. You learn each others styles, their intentions. You learn to trust and anticipate how they’ll respond when you suggest something musically. That’s something that develops over time.It’s a good thing for me to remind myself of, because if you just think “I’m gonna take these two new pieces, get them in the band and presto! We’ll be jamming” It doesn’t work that way. It simply doesn’t. It takes more time than that, it takes repetition. More learning about each other so I know what they’re gonna do when I throw that weird rhythm in. What are their instincts when we really go out on a limb. Jamming…you never know what’s going to happen next. You are on the razors edge, musically, and that’s the most exciting place, musically.Anything can happen and there’s no safety net. I’m gonna throw this in there and we’ll see how everyone reacts. It’s awesome when it works, but it’s also scary. That’s when the train can crash. That’s something I am reminding myself…the really compelling jam bands have been doing this together for a while. And even they aren’t as fluid as they will be ten years from now. And that’s an exciting thing to realize. That means there’s this huge area that we’re gonna get to be a part of. That’s there’s this huge area of development in our future. And that’s exciting to me.L4LM: So I guess each new tour is a source of anticipation for you, musically.BK: It’s awesome. We can’t wait to see where the music takes us.L4LM: Well, thanks for taking some time form the tour to chat with us! Can’t wait to see you out there!BK: Thank you. See ya soon!Catch Yonder out on the road at any or all of the shows to come!  You won’t be disappointed!last_img read more

McCloud: SMEs need more support from government

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Leafs eager to bounce back after dismal start

first_imgBy Bruce Fuhr,The Nelson Daily Sports EditorAccording to Chris Shaw it’s not about how you start the Kootenay International Junior Hockey League season, but what is important is how you finish.So two losses out of the gate, even to rival Castlegar, isn’t going to set the rookie Leaf coach into a state of panic. “We had a late camp and only had two practices before we played our first games and it showed,” Shaw said on the eve of a three-game weekend starting Friday night against the 2-0 Beaver Valley Nitehawks.“We lacked conditioning and it showed because Castlegar was in better shape in the third periods (of both games).”Which is why the players spent most of the week working a little harder than if the team won both games against the Rebels.“We concentrated conditioning Monday and Tuesday and have been working on systematic stuff . . . team stuff to help better prepare the kids on the ice.”After Beaver Valley, Nelson travels to Grand Forks to meet the winless, and hurting, Bruins Saturday. Sunday the Leafs conclude the three-game set against Shaw’s old club, the Penticton Lakers.Shaw promises Leaf faithful there will be a different team on the ice this weekend at the NDCC Arena.“We have 13 new players on the team who had yet to figure out their teammates,” Shaw said. “But I believe we have firepower here and fans will see that once the players start to jell.”Shaw comes with many of the same coaching philosophies the franchise enjoyed under the leadership of former coach and GM Simon Wheeldon.So there will be no revolving door no matter what the result is on the ice.“I may make one or two moves but I definitely won’t be burning through cards,” Shaw admitted. “Once I make a team selection I stick with those players. I’m pretty confident in this group and know what this team is capable of doing.”ICE CHIPS: Defenceman Tyler Parfeniuk is the only Leaf out of the lineup due to injury. The Kelowna product injured a shoulder during the season opener and looks to be at least two weeks away before playing again. . . .Look for goalies Marcus Beesley and Darren Hogg to split the weekend games between the pipes. . . .A new promotion by the Leaf executive has a minor hockey player skating during the National Anthem skate. The promotion called, The Seventh Man, selects players at random. Nelson Minor Hockey players can enter online at the Leaf [email protected]last_img read more

Smoke Eaters Acquire Forward Corey Clifton From Surrey

first_imgThe Trail Smoke Eaters Junior ‘A’ Hockey Club is pleased to announce the team has acquired forward Corey Clifton (’99) from the Surrey Eagles in exchange for defenseman Jimmy Darby (’01).Clifton, 20, spent the 2018/19 season with the Eagles, collecting 7 goals and 18 assists for 25 points in a career-high 50 games played, which was good for 5th in scoring for Surrey during the season. Before his time in the BC Hockey League, the 5’10”, 180-pound left-hand shot played with the North Jersey Avalanche U18 team while also getting into 8 games with the Muskegon Lumberjacks of the United States Hockey League (USHL) where he tallied two assists.The Matawan, New Jersey native has hockey running deep in his family as both of his older brothers have worked their way into the pro ranks. Connor is currently playing for a Stanley Cup as a member of the Boston Bruins blue line while the eldest of the three, Tim, has played three seasons in the San Jose Sharks organization. Corey, as his brothers have previously, is set to attend Quinnipiac University and hit the ice as a Bobcat in the fall of 2020.“Corey is going to add another layer to the depth of our forward group,” commented Smoke Eaters General Manager and Head Coach Jeff Tambellini, “He is an explosive skater who can make plays and has the courage to get to the net to score goals. I believe Corey’s playing style and experience is really going to complement our current forward group. I’m excited to build his game and prepare him to step into Quinnipiac University the following season.”Darby, 18, played in 42 games with the Smoke Eaters, earning a goal and five assists for six points to go along with 24 penalty minutes. The North Vancouver, BC native played two seasons with the Vancouver North West Giants before coming to Trail.The Smoke Eaters would like to welcome Corey and his family to the organization as well as the City of Trail and thank Jimmy for his contributions to the team as well as the city. Clifton and the rest of the Smoke Eaters will be in Trail for the team’s Main Camp at the end of August while season tickets for the 2019/20 campaign are available for purchase at the Smoke Eaters office, which is open 9:00 AM to 4:00 PM Monday-Friday as well as online at www.shop.trailsmokeeaters.com.last_img read more

Ladyjacks Claim First-Ever Tournament Title

first_img The Ladyjacks had three golfers notch top-five showings, led by junior Sydney Reed’s runner-up finish with a 10-over 223 as she recorded a 2-over 73 over the final 18 holes. It was the second top-10 finish of Reed’s career and her first top-five showing as the 223 sets a new personal-low, besting the 226 she posted at the ULM Fred Marx Invitational in 2013. Three more Ladyjacks made appearances in the top-10, including sophomore Ann Holcomb who recorded an 18-over 231 competing as an individual. Holcomb tied for seventh overall, giving the sophomore her first career top-10 finish. She finished one stroke ahead of fellow sophomore Courtney Ford, who posted a 19-over 232 as an individual, placing eighth and notching her first career top-10 showing. Entering the day with a 23-shot lead on the host Cardinals, SFA showed it had no intention of relinquishing the lead, shooting a 12-over 296 in round three, which is tied for the second-lowest round in program history. The 296 matches SFA’s total at the 2013 Harold Funston Invitational and was just two shots off the pace of the program-low 294 carded at the Challenge at Onion Creek in 2013. The win gives SFA some momentum as it heads into the break, having wrapped up the fall portion of its 2014-15 schedule. The Ladyjacks finished in the top-10 in each of their five fall tournaments, highlighted by a second-place finish at the ASU Lady Red Wolf Classic before the championship performance in San Antonio. SFA notched eight top-10 individual showings, including Lautensack recording her first career tournament title. SAN ANTONIO, Texas – Stephen F. Austin capped its historic weekend in the Alamo City, shooting the lowest 54-hole total in program history en route to the program’s first-ever tournament title. The Ladyjacks closed out the Incarnate Word Wyndham Garden Riverwalk Fall Invitational with a 55-over 907, besting second-place Incarnate Word by 26 strokes to capture the team title. Holding a comfortable 23-stroke advantage heading into the final round, SFA extended that lead to 26 strokes to defeat host Incarnate Word (81-over 933). Murray State (140-over 992) finished third with Incarnate Word’s “B” team (171-over 1,023) and Ranger College (240-over 1,092) rounding out the top-five. SFA closed out the 54-hole event with a 55-over 907, which is the lowest 54-hole total in program history. It was four strokes lower than the previous mark of 911 at the Harold Funston Invitational in 2013 and 10 shots better than the 917 posted at the Challenge at Onion Creek, also in 2013. Sophomore Jessica White recorded the first top-10 showing of her career as well, shooting a 14-over 227 to finish third individually. White posted a 2-over 73 in the final round and joined Reed on the All-Tournament team. Freshman Erica Lautensack recored her second-straight top-five showing, finishing tied for fourth overall with a 15-over 228 as she now has two top-10 and four top-20 finishes through the first five tournaments of her career. Junior Mackenzie Steiner placed 10th overall, giving SFA six golfers among the top-10. Steiner carded a 20-over 233, highlighted by a 4-over 75 in round three, notching the first top-10 and second top-20 showing of her Ladyjack career. Freshman Jamee Jorgensen rounded out the Ladyjack competitors with a 13th-place showing, finishing with a 27-over 240 and a 4-over 75 in round three. She now has recorded a top-20 finish in back-to-back tournaments.last_img read more