We may have reached the bottom, if analyses by Clive Data Services, Freightos and major banks are correct.Air cargo volumes, which fell rapidly in March, improved in the second half of last month.But although April volumes were down 39%, year on year, and capacity was 45% lower, the past fortnight shows cargo volumes have become “less bad”.March’s year-on-year volume drop was 23%, and month-on-month to April was down 29%. But, as the chart below shows, both volumes and capacity are creeping up on a weekly basis.And air freight rates, while still “highly elevated”, remained stable in the past week as more capacity came on stream, according to Freightos’ WebCargo data.Clive’s data chimes with research from both Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs, whose chief economist Jan Hatzius noted this week that “economic activity has probably bottomed now”.The bank predicts advanced economies will contract about 32% on average this quarter, but will grow 16% over the next three months and 13% in the fourth quarter.Morgan Stanley agrees. its chief economist, Chetan Ahya, wrote that “a number of the high-frequency indicators we track suggest the global economy is in the process of bottoming out”.He pointed to rising consumer expectations and mobility trends, as well as household spending declining at a slower rate.“Our read is that China’s economy bottomed in February, and we think the euro zone likely troughed in April, with the US following suit from late April,” he said.Load factors have increased, revealed Clive, with its dynamic measurement up four percentage points, year on year, to 67%, the same as in March.“With a decline of 39% in volumes versus April 2019, it must be one of the worst months in air cargo’s history,” said managing director Niall van de Wouw.“But a greater fall in capacity, mixed with the urgent need for personal protective equipment (PPE) by governments around the world, explains also why current air cargo yields have reportedly gone through the roof.”He said the data could be the first signs of recovery.“Although it is too early to tell, the most recent trend, coupled with the views of leading global economists, might give us hope. Could it be that the worst is behind us?“For all the cargo staff around the world on furlough, that know their temporary contract will not be extended, or have been fired as companies cut costs, the word ‘recovery’ will be hard to swallow. Perhaps, more appropriately, April’s data is showing us that the situation is becoming ‘less worse’.”Capacity is seeing a slight recovery, with carriers such as Atlas Air redeploying parked freighters, Cargologicair back in the air and airlines globally using passenger aircraft as freighters, or ‘preighters’, as Lufthansa Cargo is calling them.“Until very recently, many airlines would have bumped cargo without blinking an eye to accommodate the luggage of their passengers,” added Mr van de Wouw. “These same airlines are now removing seats from the same planes to create more space for cargo.”Freightos noted: “For air cargo coming out of China, some estimates indicate this peak PPE demand has kept rates extremely high, despite passenger jet conversions”.It also pointed out the “striking” difference in the impact on rates for air and ocean.“Air rates out of China have increased more than 400% since January, while ocean rates are nearly unchanged.” By Alex Lennane 06/05/2020 © Adonis1969 |
When the inside of your mouth gets hurt or irritated, bacteria may enter and cause an infection, creating what is know as a abscess. Seen as painful swelling filled with pus, an abscess forms a barrier around the infection, as one way your body tries to keep bacteria from spreading.But left untreated, the infection can damage surrounding bone and teeth. Sometimes a fistula, or hollow tunnel, forms through the bone and skin to allow pus to drain. You might see or feel this opening inside your mouth, or a strange taste in your mouth. Building pressure can also make abscesses painful. Draining the abscess through a fistula reduces the pain, but the infection still needs to be treated.CausesA gum abscess (also called a periodontal abscess) is usually caused by an infection in the space between the tooth and gum. The infection may occur after food gets trapped between the gum and tooth. In people with severe periodontal disease, bacteria can build up under the gum and in the bone.A tooth-related abscess (also called a periapical abscess) occurs inside the tooth when bacteria invades the dental pulp — the innermost part of the tooth that contains blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue. This happens when the tooth’s nerve is dead or dying. This type of abscess shows up at the tip of the tooth’s root, and spreads to the surrounding bone.SymptomsPain will occur in the affected area when biting, and touching the area may be painful. There would be increased sensitivity to cold or hot food and liquids, as well as a foul taste. Patients may experience fever, Dysphagia (swallowing difficulties) and InsomniaRisk FactorsNot taking proper care of your teeth and gums — such as not brushing your teeth twice a day and not flossing — can increase your risk of tooth decay, gum disease, tooth abscess, and other dental and mouth complications. Also, frequently eating and drinking foods rich in sugar, such as sweets and sodas, can contribute to dental cavities and turn into a tooth abscess.TreatmentAbscesses are always serious because the infection may spread to other parts of the body. Call your dentist for an appointment.If you can see or feel a pimple-like swelling on your gum, rinse your mouth several times a day with a mild salt-water solution. Use 1/2 teaspoon of salt in 8 ounces of water. This may help draw the pus out and relieve pressure. Even if the rinse seems to help, you still need to see your dentist as soon as possible.What your Dentist will do Most gum abscesses will heal quickly after the area is cleaned thoroughly, the trapped pus is allowed to escape and the infection is treated. The abscess needs to be cut out (incised) and the pus, which contains bacteria, drained away. The patient will be given a local anesthetic.Treating a periapical abscess: Root canal treatment will be used to remove the abscess. A drill is used to bore a hole into the dead tooth, so that the pus can come out. Any damaged tissue will be removed from the pulp. A root filling is then inserted into the space to prevent subsequent infections.Treating a periodontal abscess: The abscess will be drained and the periodontal pocket cleaned. The surfaces of the tooth’s root will then be smoothed out by scaling and smoothing (planning) below the gum line. This helps the tooth heal and prevents further infections from occurring.Dr Sharon Robinson DDS may be reached at The Dental Place, located at 6738 W Sunrise Blvd, Suite #105, Plantation, Fl. 33313. Dr Robinson may be contacted at 954-792-1857 or visit the website www.dentalplace4u.com.
HXI, a subsidiary of Renaissance Electronics & Communications, has released a new Waveguide Clamping System (HWC385-387) that can be used with any WR15 through WR8 standard waveguide flange for calibration. This durable steel constructed system improves waveguide connection reliability and repeatability. It has captive waveguide screws at two positions that may be left in place while using the clamp.In order to maximize the benefit of this clamping system, you can order a second clamp specifying a spacer for use with a production DUT. This works for most units with the “in line” waveguide configuration. The clamp clears any unit with one waveguide center to housing edge dimension up to 0.400”.HXI is a Designer and manufacturer of RF, Microwave, and Millimeter-Wave components and integrated assemblies for Defense, aviation, space, and wireless telecom markets.Click here to learn more about this Waveguide Clamping System.Click here to view HXI’s product portfolio on everything RF.