Museum of the Vučedol Culture in Vukovar presented Adorant, the first museum online magazine in Croatia aimed at promoting museums and archeology. Also, the magazine presented various significant objects found in Vučedol so that the public could get better acquainted with the Vučedol culture, which is the cradle of European culture.”In the first issue, we would like to present the origins of the Museum of Vučedol Culture, which is the result of many years of work and research on the Vučedol site, and introduce you to the Ilok-Vukovar-Vučedol project. ” – points out Darko Bilandžić, marketing manager of the Museum of Vučedol Culture, and adds that the first issue will include all previous activities of the museum from its opening until today.The youngest national museum in Croatia, which, due to its importance, should be visited by every citizen of Europe, deserves every praise for its promotional activities and they are real proof that a lot can be done without money. It is always up to the people, and primarily without will and desire as well as proactivity there are no results.Vucedol culture it left an incredible mark on European history and was the first developed and most advanced civilization, which set the standard of living in Europe. We are talking about a time when other civilizations were developing, such as the earlier times of Troy and Egypt, that is, some 300 years before the construction of the first pyramid in Egypt. In the area of the city of Vukovar around 3000 BC. the foundations and cradle of European culture were createdAdorant, the first museum online magazine in Croatia, you can read here
Pursuant to the Ordinance on aid to tourist boards in underdeveloped areas (OG 28/13 and 156/14) and the Work Program for 2017, the Croatian National Tourist Board has published a public call for aid to tourist boards in underdeveloped areas in 2017, which is open until April 21, 2017.The subject of the Public Invitation is the award of non-refundable financial grants of the Croatian Tourist Board for programs / projects of tourist boards in underdeveloped tourist areas. For the purposes of this Public Invitation, undeveloped areas are considered to be the areas of all continental counties, except the area of the City of Zagreb and all settlements from the areas of other counties, which do not have access to the sea in their area.The support funds will be approved through four purposes, which include the development and improvement of the tourist offer of the destination and the conditions of tourist stay, development, renovation and improvement of public tourist infrastructure, education and equipping the office with eVisitor system terminals. The announcement of the Public Call for grants to tourist boards in underdeveloped tourist areas was also commented by the Director of the CNTB Main Office Ratomir Ivičić, who emphasized the importance of encouraging tourism development in areas with certain potentials and good resource bases. “Through this Public Call, we want to support all those programs and projects that will be in the function of improving the tourist offer and the conditions of stay of tourists at the destination. This year, we have provided HRK 4,5 million for this purpose, of which part of these funds will be allocated for grants through public calls, while part of the funds will be used for promotional and other market activities carried out for underdeveloped areas at the national level by the Croatian National Tourist Board.”, Said director Ivicic.Support funds will be approved through four purposes, which include the development and improvement of the tourist offer of the destination and the conditions of tourist stay, development, renovation and improvement of public tourist infrastructure, education and equipping the office with eVisitor system terminalsBeneficiaries of support are tourist boards which, in accordance with their legal tasks, independently or in cooperation with other entities in underdeveloped tourist areas, implement programs / projects covered by the Public Invitation. Grants for projects will be approved according to the points list, and the decision on granting grants is made by the CNTB Tourist Board at the proposal of the Project Selection Committee. The text of this Public Invitation is available at website Croatian National Tourist Board
LinkedIn Debt contract provisions could include mandatory financial counselling and the right to rescind within a specified timeframe.Those who had debt were younger, more likely to be male, less likely to be black or Hispanic, had more highly educated parents, were more highly educated themselves, were more likely to be married and working, had greater income and assets, and were in better health.It was when the researchers began to adjust for measures of socio-economic status, and to refine their analysis to subgroups defined by age, education and marital status, that a negative association began to emerge. They also controlled for reverse causality to check that debt was causing depression and not vice versa.The study was focused on around 8,500 working-age adults. The data were taken from two waves of the National Survey of Families and Households, conducted six years apart and ending in 1994. Overall findings included the fact that 79 percent of respondents had some debt, totalling an average of $42,000. Long-term debt accounted for by far the largest portion.Spurred by increased homeownership and an increase in unsecured revolving credit card debt, household debt has increased dramatically in the last 40 years. While it has declined since 2008 as credit has become more difficult to obtain, it remains at historically high levels.The researchers suggest that future research should include an analysis of whether the effects can be reversed and reducing short-term debt can help alleviate symptoms of depression. Results to be published in the Journal of Family and Economic Issues suggest that having short-term household debt — credit cards and overdue bills — increases depressive symptoms. The association is particularly strong among unmarried people, people reaching retirement age and those who are less well educated, according to a new study by lead author Lawrence Berger of the University of Wisconsin-Madison.These are the first results to show the impact of different types of debt on depression and their effects on different sectors of the US population. Little evidence was found for an association with mid- or long-term debt.“New debt contracts could be offered to vulnerable borrowers and the population sectors we identified could be targeted with help in building their financial capacity,” says Berger. “The findings could also be used to help mental health practitioners better understand the impact of clients’ borrowing habits on depression.” Email Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Pinterest Share
Share Pinterest Share on Facebook Share on Twitter The overall suicide rate among children ages 5 to 11 was stable during the 20 years from 1993 to 2012 but that obscures racial differences that show an increase in suicide among black children and a decrease among white children, according to an article published online by JAMA Pediatrics.Youth suicide is a major public health concern. However not much is known about childhood suicide because prior studies have typically excluded children younger than 10 years old and only investigated trends among older children, according to the study background.Jeffrey A. Bridge, Ph.D., of the Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, and coauthors examined suicide in U.S. children ages 5 to 11 by analyzing 20 years of nationwide mortality data. Email LinkedIn The authors found that 657 children ages 5 to 11 died by suicide between 1993 and 2012 – an average of nearly 33 children per year – and 553 (84 percent) of the children were boys and 104 (16 percent) were girls. The overall suicide rate remained stable during the period going from 1.18 per 1 million to 1.09 per million. Hanging/suffocation was the predominant method of suicide, accounting for 78.2 percent (514 of 657) of the total suicide deaths, followed by firearms (17.7 percent; 116 of 657) and other methods (4.1 percent; 27 of 657), according to the results.However, the authors observed that the stable overall rate resulted from divergent trends in suicide for black and white children during those 20 years. The suicide rate increased in black children from 1.36 per 1 million to 2.54 per 1 million, while the suicide rate decreased in white children from 1.14 per 1 million to 0.77 per 1 million.The statistically significant racial differences were confined to both black and white boys, with an increase in the suicide rate among black boys (1.78 to 3.47 per 1 million) and a decrease in the suicide rate among white boys (from 1.96 to 1.31 per 1 million). Although the changes were not statistically significant among girls, the suicide rate among black girls increased from 0.68 to 1.23 per 1 million during the 20-year period, while the suicide rate among white girls remained stable from 0.25 to 0.24 per 1 million.The authors suggest the racial differences prompt questions about what factors might influence increasing suicide rates among young black children, such as disproportionate exposure to violence and traumatic stress, aggressive school discipline, and an early onset of puberty. However, the authors note it remains unclear if any of these factors are related to increasing suicide rates.“The stable overall suicide rate among U.S. children aged 5 to 11 years during 20 years of study masked a significant increase in the suicide rate among black children and a significant decline in the suicide rate among white children. From a public health perspective, future steps should include ongoing surveillance to monitor these emerging trends and research to identify risk, protective and precipitating factors associated with suicide in elementary school-aged children to frame targets for early detection and culturally informed interventions,” the study concludes.
Email Share on Twitter Populations of guppies selected for either large or small brains, with associated differences in intelligence, were used for the first step in the study which was a complete genome analysis of differently expressed genes. There was a 10% difference in brain size between the large and small-brain guppies and from the genetic analysis, Ang-1 was identified as the only gene expressed at different levels in each replicate population. Further experiments in zebra fish by collaborator Professor Pertti Panula at Helsinki University confirmed that Ang-1 is a driver for brain size.Professor Judith Mank, UCL Biosciences, said: “We were surprised to see that only a single gene was up-regulated in the large-brained guppies. Given the complexity of the brain, we expected that the genetics would be very intricate, but this suggests that changes in brain size are underpinned by relatively simple genetic mechanisms.”The protein encoded by Ang-1 is known to play an important role in growing new blood vessels and forming new brain cells in mice, which may indicate an important role of Ang-1 in brain growth of other animals, even in humans, say the scientists behind the study.Dr Niclas Kolm, Stockholm University, said: “Other genes may be involved in brain growth in young, developing fish but no other genes were found to vary in their expression in adult fish other than Ang-1. Future studies will aim to investigate the role of Ang-1 and possibly other genes in the formation of differently sized brains in developing embryos”.Professor Mank added: “We don’t yet know if Ang-1 is important in human brain development – it isn’t on the list of genes typically studied in relation to human brain size – but as it plays a role in forming new blood vessels in humans, there may be a connection as large brains need a bigger blood supply, particularly during growth and for many brain functions. This presents us with an exciting opportunity to investigate the role of Ang-1 across different vertebrates.”The team now plans to study the age-specific genetic architecture of both brain structure and function based on new artificial selection experiments in the guppy. Share on Facebook A single gene called Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) drives brain size and intelligence in fish according to a new study by researchers at UCL, Stockholm University and University of Helsinki.Fish with larger brains and higher intelligence had higher expression of Ang-1, and when expression levels of Ang-1 were experimentally reduced, brains shrunk. These trends were seen in two unrelated species of fish – guppies (Poecilia reticulata) and zebra fish (Danio rerio) – indicating expression of Ang-1 is important for brain growth and development in fish generally.The study, published today in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, identified the underlying genetics of natural variation in brain size and cognitive abilities in fish. Ang-1 could play an important role in the brain development of other vertebrates, including humans, but future research is required to establish this say the scientists involved. LinkedIn Share Pinterest
Share on Twitter Share Pinterest Share on Facebook LinkedIn Email The project will culminate in the creation of a musical instrument based toolkit as a way of enabling other people, across a wide range of settings, to enjoy the benefits.The research team have also prepared a free report illustrating the lessons learned from their pilot project which includes recommendations on how other organisations can run similar workshops.‘Ageing Playfully’ brought together academic researchers, designers and artists, from Lancaster University and professionals from Age UK Lancashire to work with a community of people in the early stages of dementia, their carers and community workers.It was designed and funded as part of The Creative Exchange, an Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) Knowledge Exchange Hub, which aims to catalyse collaboration between academics and non-academics, by working together on imaginative and innovative products, services and experiences through a series of short projects.The aim of the first stage of the project was to offer a creative, playful and supportive space during a series of four workshops, where people with dementia were given the opportunity to co-design 2D collages and 3D models, to stimulate and facilitate physical mobility, imagination and social interaction.The workshops were set up within the context of an existing weekly drop-in activity, run as part of the Age UK Lancashire ‘circle of support’ initiative.There were 12 willing participants and a carer and two support workers.. Activities included a ‘warm-up’ with games and singing.Participants worked in small groups to co-design and make models with themes based on activities which they chose themselves.Initially the focus was on being outdoors in the garden, having meals, dancing, singing and social activities. The most popular theme to emerge was music and in the last two workshops participants co-designed musical, mainly percussive models, using a range of art and modelling materials.Senior Lecturer in Design Interactions at Lancaster University Dr Emmanuel Tsekleves, who led the project, said: “Participants as co-designers expressed enjoyment and enthusiasm, when given this opportunity to engage playfully with each other in imagining and building models. Their carers and support workers noted how the workshop activities seemed to encourage interaction, with even the reticent, less confident members of the group joining in with the model building.“Furthermore, carers and Age UK support staff reported that workshop participants retained the positive feelings even whilst at home and each time they arrived at the workshop associated these positive feelings with the workshop facilitators.”The project team encouraged interaction outside each workshop session by sending participants a postcard featuring a picture of the 2D or 3D model they had helped to create to help them remember their part in the model building and to be reminded of the next workshop.Following the session, after the participants’ lunch break, the team showed the participants the models again to remind them of the session so they could share and give feedback.This project acknowledged the need for innovative and creative ways to engage with, and support, the increasing numbers of older people with dementia in the UK in their daily activities.This first phase is planned to lead to a second phase of development using the participants’ models to explore potential digital-physical technologies that could creatively enhance physical mobility and mental facility and imagination for those with dementia, their carers and community workers. Creative activities, such as designing musical instruments, can improve the quality of life of people with dementia, according to researchers at Lancaster University.The ‘Ageing Playfully’ research project also found activities that stimulate multisensory experiences, including tactile, auditory and visual, and encourage physical exercise, such as upper body movement, increase group engagement and social inclusion.The team found their ‘well-facilitated’ Lancaster workshops helped to uplift the mood of people with dementia and contributed to their social connectedness.
Share on Facebook Email Pinterest Share LinkedIn People are intuitive physicists, knowing from birth how objects under the influence of gravity are likely to fall, topple or roll. In a new study, scientists have found the brain cells apparently responsible for this innate wisdom.In a part of the brain responsible for recognizing color, texture and shape, Johns Hopkins University researchers found neurons that used large-scale environmental cues to infer the direction of gravity. The findings, forthcoming this month in the journal Current Biology, and just posted online, suggest these cells help humans orient themselves and predict how objects will behave.“Gravity is a strong ubiquitous force in our world,” said senior author Charles E. Connor, a professor of neuroscience and director of the university’s Zanvyl Krieger Mind/Brain Institute. “Our results show how the direction of gravity can be derived from visual cues, providing critical information about object physics as well as additional cues for maintaining posture and balance.” Share on Twitter Connor, along with lead author Siavash Vaziri, a former Johns Hopkins postdoctoral fellow, studied individual cells in the object area of the rhesus monkey brain, a remarkably close model for the organization and function of human vision. They measured responses of each cell to about 500 abstract three-dimensional shapes presented on a computer monitor. The shapes ranged from small objects to large landscapes and interiors.They found that a given cell would respond to many different stimuli, especially large planes and sharp, extended edges. What tied these stimuli together was their alignment in the same tilted rectilinear reference frame. These cells, sensitive to different tilts, could provide a continuous signal for the direction of gravity, even as a person constantly moves.These images used in the study provoked some of the strongest response from neurons that help the rhesus monkeys subjects understand the direction of gravity.In other words, Connor said, these neurons could help people understand which way is up.“The world does not appear to rotate when the head tilts left or right or gaze tilts up or down, even though the visual image changes dramatically,” he said. “That perceptual stability must depend on signals like these that provide a constant sense of how the visual environment is oriented.”The researchers’ initial discovery of cells sensitive to large-scale shape, reported in Neuron in 2014, was surprising because they found them in a brain region long regarded as dedicated exclusively to object vision. The new findings make sense of this anatomical juxtaposition, since knowing the gravitational reference frame is critical for predicting how objects will behave.“When we dive after a ball in tennis, the whole visual world tilts, but we maintain our sense of how the ball will fall and how to aim our next shot,” Connor said. “The visual cortex generates an incredibly rich understanding of object structure, materials, strength, elasticity, balance, and movement potential. These are the things that make us such expert intuitive physicists.”
Email Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Researchers at the University of Rochester have, for the first time, decoded and predicted the brain activity patterns of word meanings within sentences, and successfully predicted what the brain patterns would be for new sentences.The study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure human brain activation. “Using fMRI data, we wanted to know if given a whole sentence, can we filter out what the brain’s representation of a word is—that is to say, can we break the sentence apart into its word components, then take the components and predict what they would look like in a new sentence,” said Andrew Anderson, a research fellow who led the study as a member of the lab of Rajeev Raizada, assistant professor of brain and cognitive sciences at Rochester.“We found that we can predict brain activity patterns—not perfectly [on average 70% correct], but significantly better than chance,” said Anderson, The study is published in the journal Cerebral Cortex. Pinterest LinkedIn Anderson and his colleagues say the study makes key advances toward understanding how information is represented throughout the brain. “First, we introduced a method for predicting the neural patterns of words within sentences—which is a more complex problem than has been addressed by previous studies, which have almost all focused on single words,” Anderson said. “And second, we devised a novel approach to map semantic characteristics of words that we then correlated to neural activity patterns.”Finding a word in a sentenceTo predict the patterns of particular words within sentences, the researchers used a broad set of sentences, with many words shared between them. For example: “The green car crossed the bridge,” “The magazine was in the car,” and “The accident damaged the yellow car.” fMRI data was collected from 14 participants as they silently read 240 unique sentences.“We estimate the representation of a word ‘car,’ in this case, by taking the neural activity pattern associated with all of the sentences which that word occurred in and we decomposed sentence level brain activity patterns to build an estimate of the representation of the word,” explained Anderson.What does the meaning of a word look like? “Coffee has a color, smell, you can drink it—coffee makes you feel good—it has sensory, emotional, and social aspects,” said senior author Raizada. “So we built upon a model created by Jeffrey Binder at the Medical College of Wisconsin, a coauthor on the paper, and surveyed people to tell us about the sensory, emotional, social and other aspects for a set of words. Together, we then took that approach in a new direction, by going beyond individual words to entire sentences.” The new semantic model employs 65 attributes—such as “color,” “pleasant,” “loud,” and “time.” Participants in the survey rated, on a scale of 0-6, the degree to which a given root concept was associated with a particular experience. For example, “To what degree do you think of ‘coffee’ as having a characteristic or defining temperature?” In total, 242 unique words were rated with each of the 65 attributes.“The strength of association of each word and its attributes allowed us to estimate how its meanings would be represented across the brain using fMRI,” said Raizada.The model captures a wider breadth of experience than previous semantic models, said Anderson, “which made it easier to interpret the relationship between the predictive model and brain activity patterns.” The team was then able to recombine activity patterns for individual words, in order to predict brain patterns for entire sentences built up out of new combinations of those words. For example, the computer model could predict the brain pattern for a sentence such as, “The family played at the beach,” even though it had never seen that specific sentence before. Instead, it had only seen other sentences containing those words in different contexts, such as “The beach was empty” and “The young girl played soccer.”The researchers said the study opens a new set of questions toward understanding how meaning is represented in the brain. “Not now, not next year, but this kind of research may eventually help individuals who have problems with producing language, including those who suffer from traumatic brain injuries or stroke,” said Anderson.The Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity and the National Science Foundation supported the research. Share
Share on Facebook LinkedIn New research suggests that young adults benefit from close relationships with older adults, even if those adults are in poor health.The study of 491 college students found that young adults who said they had adults over age 50 in their lives tended to also report lower levels of illegal drug use, regardless of the older adults’ health status.PsyPost interviewed the study’s corresponding author, Shelia M. Kennison of Oklahoma State University. Read her explanation of the research below: Share on Twitter Pinterest PsyPost: Why were you interested in this topic?Kennison: My original research on the topic of ageism and risk-taking stemmed from experiences that I had teaching freshmen in an introduction to psychology course. I would ask people to raise their hands if they wanted to live to be 90 years old. In classes of 25, only 1 or 2 each semester would raise their hand. I found that those students who were the least interested in getting old were also the students that seemed to live by the seat of their pants or had lives full of “adventure.” I had always wanted to live as long as possible and the students’ views intrigued me. I realized that in my life, I was profoundly influenced by my relationship with a neighbor whom I met when she was 88 and she lived to be 104. By getting to know her and about her life, I realized that life can be a long and interesting journey, if you take care of your body, etc.The study that was published in the Journal in Support of the Null Hypothesis followed up on the prior research (Kennison & Ponce-Garcia, 2012) to see if the positive effects of a close relationship with an older adult in childhood (grandparent or other person) would be wiped out if the older person was ill. Within the theory (Terror Management Theory), it was possible that death reminders such as illness would increase ageism and risk-taking. The results showed that the positive effects of the relationship with an older adult persisted regardless of the health of the adult.I think that the results are very important because it supports current efforts to bring older adults and children together more in mentoring relationships, in apartment complexes and neighborhoods. Some parents might be concerned about exposing children to older adults who might seem frail or not it perfect health. The results of the study suggest that the kids will benefit from relationships with older adults even if the adults are not in the best overall health.What should the average person take away from your study?I think the take-away message is that kids will benefit from relationships with older adults even if the adults are not in the best overall health. The benefits are likely long-term extending into the kids’ adulthood.Are there any major caveats? What questions still need to be addressed?Correlational studies must always be scrutinized carefully, as they cannot be used to prove causation among variables. The sample involved college students, so other populations may differ. Research is needed to confirm that similar results can be obtained in other populations (e.g., different levels of education, socioeconomic status, ethnicity, etc.). Is there anything else you would like to add?The role of ageism in our own daily health behavior cannot be overstated. If people really fear and dread getting old, then they are likely to neglect their health in ways that can contribute to premature death (e.g., poor eating habits and cardiovascular disease.The study, “Ageism, Illegal Drug Use, and Young Adults’ Experiences With Illness, Dementia and Death“, was published in the Journal of Articles in Support of the Null Hypothesis. It was co-authored by Andrew Hughes and TaClesia Bolar. Share Email
Government agencies cannot always use social media and telecommunication to uncover the intentions of terrorists as terrorists are now more careful in utilizing these technologies for planning and preparing for attacks. A new framework developed by researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York is able to understand future terrorist behaviors by recognizing patterns in past attacks.Researchers at Binghamton have proposed a comprehensive new framework, the Networked Pattern Recognition (NEPAR) Framework, by defining the useful patterns of attacks to understand behaviors, to analyze patterns and connections in terrorist activity, to predict terrorists’ future moves, and finally, to prevent and detect potential terrorist behaviors.Using data on more than 150,000 terrorist attacks between 1970 and 2015, Binghamton University PhD student Salih Tutun developed a framework that calculates the relationships among terrorist attacks (e.g. attack time, weapon type) and detects terrorist behaviors with these connections. Mohammad Khasawneh, professor and head of the Systems Science and Industrial Engineering (SSIE) department at Binghamton University, assisted and advised Tutun with his research. In the framework, there are two main phases: (1) building networks by finding connections between events, and (2) using a unified detection approach that combines proposed network topology and pattern recognition approaches. Firstly, the framework identifies the characteristics of future terrorist attacks by analyzing the relationship between past attacks. Comparing the results with existing data shows that the proposed method was able to successfully predict most of the characteristics of attacks with more than 90% accuracy. Pinterest Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share Email LinkedIn Moreover, after building the network with connections, the researchers propose a unified detection approach that applies pattern classification techniques to network topology and features of incidents to detect terrorism attacks with high accuracy, and identify the extension of attacks (90 percent accuracy), multiple attacks (96 percent accuracy) and terrorist goals (92 percent accuracy). Hence, governments can control terrorist behaviors to reduce the risk of future events. The results could potentially allow law enforcement to propose reactive strategies, said Tutun.“Terrorists are learning, but they don’t know they are learning. If we can’t monitor them through social media or other technologies, we need to understand the patterns. Our framework works to define which metrics are important,” said Tutun. “Based on this feature, we propose a new similarity (interaction) function. Then we use the similarity (interaction) function to understand the difference (how they interact with each other) between two attacks. For example, what is the relationship between the Paris and the 9/11 attacks? When we look at that, if there’s a relationship, we’re making a network. Maybe one attack in the past and another attack have a big relationship, but nobody knows. We tried to extract this information.”Previous studies have focused on understanding the behavior of individual terrorists (as people) rather than studying the different attacks by modeling their relationship with each other. And terrorist activity detection focuses on either individual incidents, which does not take into account the dynamic interactions among them; or network analysis, which gives a general idea about networks but sets aside functional roles of individuals and their interactions.“Predicting terrorist events is a dream, but protecting some area by using patterns is a reality. If you know the patterns, you can reduce the risks. It’s not about predicting, it’s about understanding,” said Tutun.Tutun believes that policymakers can use these approaches for time-sensitive understanding and detection of terrorist activity, which can enable precautions to avoid against future attacks.“When you solve the problem in Baghdad, you solve the problem in Iraq. When you solve the problem in Iraq, you solve the problem in the Middle East. When you solve the problem in the Middle East, you solve the problem in the world,” said Tutun. “Because when we look at Iraq, these patterns are happening in the USA, too.”The paper, “New framework that uses patterns and relations to understand terrorist behaviors,” was published in Expert Systems with Applications.