The Band’s Visit Will Play Broadway

first_img View Comments The cast of ‘The Band’s Visit’ at the Atlantic Theater Company(Photo: Ahron R. Foster) The Band’s Visit, the new musical that has been showered with awards since its extended off-Broadway run with the Atlantic Theater Company, will play Broadway’s Barrymore Theatre this fall; tickets are now on sale. Previews will begin on October 7 with an opening night scheduled for November 9. With a book by Itamar Moses (The Fortress of Solitude, Completeness) and a score by three-time Tony nominee David Yazbek (The Full Monty, Dirty Rotten Scoundrels), the musical is based on Eran Kolirin’s 2007 film of the same name. David Cromer, who helmed the debut production, will repeat his duties as director for the Broadway run. Andrea Grody will serve as musical director.In The Band’s Visit, an Egyptian Police Band arrives in Israel to play a concert. After a mix-up at the border, they are sent to a remote village in the middle of the desert. With no bus until morning and no hotel in sight, these unlikely travelers are taken in by the locals. Under the spell of the desert sky, their lives become intertwined in the most unexpected ways.The off-Broadway cast was led by Tony Shalhoub, Katrina Lenk and John Cariani. The company also featured George Abud, Bill Army, Erik Liberman, Andrew Polk, Rachel Prather, Jonathan Raviv, Sharone Sayegh, Kristen Sieh and Alok Tewari. Casting for the Broadway production will be announced at a later date.   The Band’s Visit won top honors at the 2017 Lucille Lortel Awards, Outer Critics Circle Awards, New York Drama Critics’ Circle Awards and Obie Awards. The Band’s Visitcenter_img Show Closed This production ended its run on April 7, 2019 Related Showslast_img read more

Winooski, Burlington School districts receive $3.7 million grant from Nellie Mae Foundation

first_imgWinooski and Burlington School Districts announced today that they have received a three-year, $3.7 million grant from the Nellie Mae Education Foundation (NMEF), the largest charitable organization in New England focused exclusively on education, to support student-centered approaches to learning. The grant will be used to develop personalized, proficiency-based learning approaches to be developed by educators in partnership with students, parents and community partners.In order to prosper as a community, we need more learners achieving at higher levels. Student-centered approaches are aimed at reshaping education to move away from the current system’s ‘one-size-fits-all’ methodology. Student-centered learning models are built around the fact that different students learn in different ways, including: being flexible about how time is used for both students and educators, including learning opportunities outside the traditional school calendar; harnessing the broader community to support and deepen learning experiences; using curriculum, instruction and assessment that promotes the skills and knowledge needed for success in college, work and life; basing advancement on demonstration of proficiency in skills and knowledge.‘We applaud this initiative in Burlington and Winooski, and appreciate the continued support of NMEF, the Tarrant Foundation, and Voices for Vermont Children,’ said Armando Vilaseca, Vermont Education Commissioner. ‘Innovations such as this are creating new models of learning for Vermont students; using flexible pathways and proficiency based strategies to create transformative learning environments.’Burlington and Winooski High Schools serve over 4,700 students, from multi-generation Vermont families to New Americans from around the world. Together with community partners Vermont Adult Learning, The Tarrant Institute for Innovative Education, Linking Learning to Life, and the Tarrant Foundation, Winooski and Burlington have undertaken this work to make sure that ALL our young people have what it takes to succeed in today’s world.  During the past year, the community participated in developing a shared vision for this initiative ‘ to ensure that every student in Burlington and Winooski will graduate from high school with the confidence, enthusiasm, skills, and knowledge to build a satisfying and sustainable future for themselves, their community, and their world.Superintendents Mary Martineau and Jeanné Collins stated that ‘this funding from NMEF will be crucial in helping us re-design education in ways that insure the success of every student, including those who face the greatest barriers.’As the lead community partner in the Winooski-Burlington Partnership for Change, Voices for Vermont’s Children will engage parents and youth from marginalized communities to help design student-centered learning reforms that ensure the success of every student. Carlen Finn, Executive Director, noted ‘This initiative supports Voices’ long-term goals of helping all Vermont children succeed, especially those who struggle because of economic and social barriers in our society. Voices brings a strong voice for community participation and engagement to this initiative.’In conjunction with the NMEF grant, the Richard E. and Deborah L. Tarrant Foundation announced today a $200,000 gift over the next three years to support student-centered, technology-rich learning at Burlington and Winooski’s middle schools.  The funds will go to the Tarrant Institute for Innovative Education at the University of Vermont as part of a research-based initiative combining deep, sustained teacher learning, technology integration, and best practices in student-centered learning to promote engagement and improve learner outcomes.‘Our Foundation has been working with the Partnership for Change since the beginning, and we are thrilled to bring these additional resources to the table,’ said Foundation director Lauren Curry.  ‘By supporting engaging, relevant, personalized learning in the critical middle school years, we believe students will be better positioned for success when they make the leap to these newly-transforming high schools.’This is not the Foundation’s first investment in the Burlington and Winooski School Districts.  It provided $100,000 for technology infrastructure in Winooski over a decade ago ‘ a grant that, according to Curry, helped spark the Foundation’s current strategic education initiative.  It’s also invested more than $200,000 to support student-centered, technology-rich learning on a 90-student team at Edmunds Middle School over the past three years.  ‘The combined challenges of more learners needing to succeed and succeed at a higher level, led us to these partners,’ said Nicholas C. Donohue, President and CEO of NMEF. ‘Our grant is a value-add to the momentum the district and its key stakeholders already have. We are looking forward to seeing their successes.’Grants are being made under NMEFHYPERLINK “http://www.nmefdn.org/grantmaking/Initiatives/District/(link is external)”’HYPERLINK “http://www.nmefdn.org/grantmaking/Initiatives/District/(link is external)”s District-Level Systems Change (DLSC) initiative that the Foundation is using to promote the implementation of student-centered approaches.About the Nellie Mae Education FoundationThe Nellie Mae Education Foundation is the largest charitable organization in New England that focuses exclusively on education. The Foundation supports the promotion and integration of student-centered approaches to learning at the middle and high school levels across New England. To elevate student-centered approaches, the Foundation utilizes a three-part strategy that focuses on: developing and enhancing models of practice; reshaping education policies; and increasing public understanding and demand for high quality educational experiences. The Foundation’s initiative areas are: District Level Systems Change; State Level Systems Change; Research and Development; and Public Understanding. Since 1998, the Foundation has distributed over $123 million in grants. For more information, visit www.nmefoundation.org(link is external).About Winooski and Burlington School DistrictsBurlington and Winooski School Districts enroll approximately 4,700 students in Pre-Kindergarten through Grade 12. Students in Burlington and Winooski come from many places ‘ including multi-generational Vermont families and new Vermonters from throughout the United States and the world.  Opportunities for students include challenging advanced through foundational academic, music, arts, world languages, physical education, social-emotional development, and rich extra-curricular activities including drama and sports programs.  A number of innovative partnerships with area universities and colleges, youth centers, and local community organizations enhance student learning. For more information, visit www.wsdschools.org(link is external) and www.bsdvt.org(link is external).About Voices for Vermont’s ChildrenFor twenty-seven years, Voices for Vermont’s Children has worked on behalf of children and youth by: advocating during the Vermont Legislative session; organizing and working in state and regional coalitions; providing up-to-date information, policy briefs and fact sheets on issues important to children and youth; Co-sponsoring workshops, trainings and conferences; publishing Vermont KIDS COUNT child and family data reports, and; developing community leaders and organizing community members across the state on behalf of children and youth.  For more information, visit www.voicesforvtkids.org(link is external).About the Richard E. and Deborah L. Tarrant FoundationThe Richard E. and Deborah L. Tarrant Foundation makes grants to create opportunity, help meet basic needs, and improve the lives of people in Vermont.  The Foundation pursues an aggressive spending strategy, granting double the standard amount for similarly-sized foundations.  The Foundation’s primary fields of interest are human services and education.  Between 2005-2011, the Foundation granted more than $10 million.  For more information, visit www.tarrantfoundation.org(link is external). WINOOSKI, VT ‘ February 23, 2012- Winooski and Burlington School Districtslast_img read more

Laura Guy, former teacher and current pastor, enters race for Shawnee Mission West seat on board of education

first_imgLaura Guy. Photo via Living Water Christian Church.Laura Guy, a former teacher in the Olathe School District and the current pastor of Living Water Christian Church in Parkville, has filed in the race for the Shawnee Mission West representative seat on the board of education.Guy, who has lived at her house in the SM West area for 22 years and had two children graduate from the school, said she was compelled to enter the race to foster a community discussion about a number of issues facing the district, from the practices of the board of education, to the search for a new superintendent, to the establishment of equitable school boundaries.“I think there needs to be conversations about transparency, how the board of education operates, and what kind of leader we want for our next superintendent,” she said.Guy has served as pastor for the past 12 years, but started her career as a teacher. Her mother was a teacher as well, and Guy said that tradition has given her a keen interest in ensuring teachers’ views are represented in the decisions the board makes.“I think it’s really important that we get input from teachers as we make decisions,” she said. “I have a passion for making sure teachers are heard.”Guy is the third candidate to enter the race, along with 20-year incumbent Craig Denny and the district’s former bond and capital improvements supervisor Chris White.She said the district needs to think through the steps necessary to ensure the continuation of its traditions of excellence.“Shawnee Mission has had a very strong past and is currently strong,” she said, “but we’ve got to ask what does the future look like so that we can provide that next generation with the same.”last_img read more

Both Gophers teams finish 11th in Big Ten

first_imgThe men’s golf team tied for 11th place in the Big Ten tournament with a score of 910. The team shot an 878 in the tournament, and its best score was a 287 in the second round. “We were disappointed with our showing this weekend,” head coach John Carlson said. “Jon DuToit played solid golf all three rounds, was making a lot of birdies out there. We didn’t make many birdies as a team this week, and today we compounded some birdies early with some balls in the hazard.” Sophomore Heather Ciskowski finished first among Minnesota golfers. She finished in a tie for 30th place and shot a 220 in three rounds. She started slow with a 78 on the first day, but shot a 71 in the second and third rounds. “I think I played pretty well,” Ciskowski said. “The first four holes were not my best from the first round … but overall, I enjoyed the experience.” “They gave me 100 percent, and that’s all you can ask for,” Redman said. Junior Emie Peronnin and freshman Niamh Ward tied for second place among Minnesota golfers with scores of 222. The two tied for 39th place. Sophomore Runar Arnorsson was the second-best Minnesota golfer at the tournament and shot a 225 to tie for 36th place. “We didn’t play that great,” head coach Michele Redman said. “I think there was some, in my opinion, issues with the course setup. It was set up too short, so I don’t think it showcased who the better teams were.” Both Gophers teams finish 11th in Big TenThe men’s score at the Big Ten tourney was a 910 while the women shot an 878.Joe Sulik, Daily File PhotoSenior Jon Dutoit drives the ball at the Windsong Golf Club on Sept. 13, 2015. Jack WhiteApril 25, 2016Jump to CommentsShare on FacebookShare on TwitterShare via EmailPrintThe Gophers women’s golf team finished 11th in the Big Ten tournament over the weekend after taking seventh last year. Men’s team ties for 11th The Gophers’ Big Ten finish was worse than last season’s, but the team will graduate no seniors this year after losing three a year ago. Senior Jon DuToit finished first among Minnesota golfers in the last tournament of his college career, shooting a 220. He ended in 27th place.last_img read more

One critical psychological factor would tell us whether Donald Trump is conning us

first_imgBusiness Insider:With Donald Trump surging in the GOP race, the other Republican candidates are pulling out all the stops in an attempt to discredit him. In a series of interviews, Marco Rubio repeatedly called Trump a “con artist.”Business Insider’s video team recently asked psychology and science writer Maria Konnikova, author of a book about con artists, “The Confidence Game: Why We Fall For It…Every Time,” what the science says about whether or not Trump really is a con artist.Read the whole story: Business Insider More of our Members in the Media >last_img read more

Single gene controls fish brain size and intelligence

first_imgEmail Share on Twitter Populations of guppies selected for either large or small brains, with associated differences in intelligence, were used for the first step in the study which was a complete genome analysis of differently expressed genes. There was a 10% difference in brain size between the large and small-brain guppies and from the genetic analysis, Ang-1 was identified as the only gene expressed at different levels in each replicate population. Further experiments in zebra fish by collaborator Professor Pertti Panula at Helsinki University confirmed that Ang-1 is a driver for brain size.Professor Judith Mank, UCL Biosciences, said: “We were surprised to see that only a single gene was up-regulated in the large-brained guppies. Given the complexity of the brain, we expected that the genetics would be very intricate, but this suggests that changes in brain size are underpinned by relatively simple genetic mechanisms.”The protein encoded by Ang-1 is known to play an important role in growing new blood vessels and forming new brain cells in mice, which may indicate an important role of Ang-1 in brain growth of other animals, even in humans, say the scientists behind the study.Dr Niclas Kolm, Stockholm University, said: “Other genes may be involved in brain growth in young, developing fish but no other genes were found to vary in their expression in adult fish other than Ang-1. Future studies will aim to investigate the role of Ang-1 and possibly other genes in the formation of differently sized brains in developing embryos”.Professor Mank added: “We don’t yet know if Ang-1 is important in human brain development – it isn’t on the list of genes typically studied in relation to human brain size – but as it plays a role in forming new blood vessels in humans, there may be a connection as large brains need a bigger blood supply, particularly during growth and for many brain functions. This presents us with an exciting opportunity to investigate the role of Ang-1 across different vertebrates.”The team now plans to study the age-specific genetic architecture of both brain structure and function based on new artificial selection experiments in the guppy. Share on Facebook A single gene called Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) drives brain size and intelligence in fish according to a new study by researchers at UCL, Stockholm University and University of Helsinki.Fish with larger brains and higher intelligence had higher expression of Ang-1, and when expression levels of Ang-1 were experimentally reduced, brains shrunk. These trends were seen in two unrelated species of fish – guppies (Poecilia reticulata) and zebra fish (Danio rerio) – indicating expression of Ang-1 is important for brain growth and development in fish generally.The study, published today in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, identified the underlying genetics of natural variation in brain size and cognitive abilities in fish. Ang-1 could play an important role in the brain development of other vertebrates, including humans, but future research is required to establish this say the scientists involved.center_img LinkedIn Share Pinterestlast_img read more

Companies announce new Zika vaccine initiatives

first_imgTwo vaccine makers, Sanofi Pasteur and NewLink Genetics, today announced efforts to develop vaccines against Zika virus infection that will springboard off existing technologies.In related news, Honduras yesterday declared a national emergency over an expanding Zika virus infection outbreak, while Thailand confirmed its first locally acquired case.Building on flavivirus vaccine experienceSanofi Pasteur, the vaccines division of Sanofi, based in Lyon, France, already has licensed vaccines for dengue, yellow fever, and Japanese encephalitis, which, like Zika virus (ZIKV) infection, are mosquito-borne diseases caused by flaviviruses, the company said in a news release.Sanofi officials emphasized the company’s dengue vaccine, which was approved for use in Mexico and Brazil in December. “Sanofi Pasteur’s expertise and established R&D and industrial infrastructure for the newly licensed vaccine for dengue, Dengvaxia, can be rapidly leveraged to help understand the spread of ZIKV and potentially speed identification of a vaccine candidate for further clinical development,” the company said in the release.”Our invaluable collaborations with scientific and public health experts, both globally and in the regions affected by the outbreaks of ZIKV, together with the mobilization of our best experts will expedite efforts to research and develop a vaccine for this disease,” said John Shiver, PhD, global research and development director of Sanofi Pasteur.Several groups, mostly small biotech companies, have announced plans to develop a vaccine. The closest prospect thus far could be from a consortium that includes Inovio Pharmaceuticals of Plymouth Meeting, Pa., which hopes to have a candidate ready by year’s end, Reuters reported today.Yesterday, however, Tony Fauci, MD, director of the US National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said researchers have two key prospects that won’t be available for several years. And STAT News reported late last week that some experts are predicting it will take from 5 to 15 years for a vaccine to reach people’s arms after regulatory approval.Drug-development initiativeMeanwhile, Ames, Iowa–based NewLink Genetics Corporation, which helped develop the leading Ebola vaccine candidate, said it is using experience gained with other flaviviruses to move rapidly on a Zika vaccine candidate, the company said in a press release.”NewLink Genetics is committed to developing a vaccine solution to the tragedy of the Zika virus disease,” said Thomas P. Monath, MD, CEO and chief scientific officer of NewLink’s Infectious Disease Division. “Our R&D group has decades of experience in developing successful vaccines against closely-related flaviviruses, which we will leverage to accelerate our Zika vaccine program.””Our team gained considerable experience during the Ebola crisis collaborating with national and international partners in a rapidly evolving public health environment,” said Charles J. Link, MD, CEO and chief scientific officer of NewLink Genetics.Latest in Honduras, ThailandIn related news, Honduras has declared a state of national emergency after recording 3,649 suspected Zika cases in less than 3 months, the New York Times reported yesterday.Honduran Health Minister Yolani Batres is urging people to eliminate breeding grounds for the mosquito Aedes aegypti, the leading species that spreads Zika virus. The government has activated its risk management system to coordinate preventive measures, the story said.And Thailand officials said today that a man has contracted the virus without traveling abroad, its first local case. The man, 22, is thought to have caught the same strain as that causing thousands of cases in South and Central America, Agence France-Presse (AFP) reported.The virus was confirmed by blood tests, said Air Vice-Marshall Santi Srisermpoke, director of Bangkok’s Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital. The man had a fever, rash, and eye redness.”It’s not a new disease in Thailand … we had the first confirmed case in 2012. Since then we have an average of not more than five cases yearly,” said Amnuay Gajeena, MD, director-general of the Disease Control Department of Thailand’s Public Health Ministry. He was referring to imported, not locally acquired cases.”There is no need to panic … we have never had an epidemic of the Zika virus in Thailand all of the cases were one-offs.”In January 2014, a Eurosurveillance report detailed a Zika case in a German traveler who likely contracted the disease in Thailand.See also:Feb 2 Sanofi Pasteur news releaseFeb 2 Reuters reportJan 29 STAT News storyFeb 2 NewLink press releaseFeb 1 New York Times articleFeb 2 AFP storyJan 30, 2014, Eurosurveillance reportlast_img read more

Blue Crab Beau Monde Dip

first_imgWho: Spencer Gomez, Chef de Cuisine at Southern Belle and Georgia BoyInstagram: @ChefSpencerGomezChef Gomez’s Guest-Worthy Recipe: Blue Crab Beau Monde dipWhy?“Blue Crab Beau Monde dip is the ideal hors d’oeuvre recipe for guests, whatever the season. It has been a staple at our family holidays for years. If crab is not available, the dip is great on its own or topped with chow-chow or kimchi. At Southern Belle, we serve it alongside local grit bread and Benne seed crackers, but it can be paired with anything: from Ruffles chips to sliced crudité! A celery root purée is often subbed for the mayonnaise to celebrate the celery flavors. For the always-busy home cook, crab dip can be made ahead, refrigerated, and served cold the next day.”Ingredients:For Dip16 oz cream cheese4 oz sour cream12 oz mayonnaise30 g scallions, sliced45 g celery, minced35 g shallot, minced7 g salt (or to taste)2 lemons’ zest & juice6 g vegetable bullion (beef is great also)12 g Spice Islands Beau Monde SeasoningFor Crab Salad Topping12 oz jumbo lump crab meatOlive oilLarge flake sea salt and black pepperOne large lemon zest and juice20 g chive, mincedDirections:For DipPaddle cream cheese in stand mixer.Add sour cream slowly until combined with the cream cheese.Add the remainder of dip ingredients until smooth.Transfer to a large bowl and chill.Crab Salad ToppingClean crab by picking out all shells.In a separate bowl, mix crab with olive oil, lemon juice, salt, pepper, and chives.Olive oil, salt, and pepper all added to taste.Spread out crab over the top of the previously finished dip.Chill and serve. Enjoy with crackers and bread, or as a spread on sandwiches or hors d’oeuvres. Sharelast_img read more

Why can’t we get along?

first_imgGet your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community To continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Subscribe now for unlimited access Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletterslast_img read more

Rebodied PumA cars raise comfort standards at no extra cost

first_imgBYLINE: Dipl-Ing Gerd Ahne andDipl-Ing Gerd Truckenbrodt*BYLINE: * Dipl-Ing Ahne is PumA Project Manager and Dipl-Ing Tuckenbrodt is Head of Projects at PFA GmbHON SHOW at the InnoTrans exhibition this month in Berlin will be the first production version of a PumA coach for German Railway’s regional services. The PumA concept of rebodying old vehicles was developed by Partner für Fahrzeug Austattung GmbH, which built a prototype in 1995.After intensive negotiations with German Railway, the company won an order in 1996 for 55 PumA cars. PFA had previously been refurbishing former German State Railway Type Bmh2329 coaches for Regional Express routes, but the discussions with DB concluded that rebodying using PumA technology was a better option. As a result, PFA’s Regional Express refurbishing programme begun in 1994 was wound up.Starting point for the PumA rebuild was a study of the work required for the previous refurbishment programme. Analysis revealed that high costs were incurred in restoring the bodyshell and underframe to good condition, but there was no technical improvement to show for the expense.This led to the idea of replacing the old 26·4m body with a structure that could be prefabricated in a cost-effective way. Body segments assembled in adjacent workshops would be mounted on the old underframe in place of the old sidewalls and roof. The advantages included: avoiding the cost of reconditioning bodyshells; the ability to automate assembly of the prefabricated elements and to use industrial production methods for fitting the interior; reduction of the time taken to complete the process; and a much more attractive exterior.Materials choiceOnce the basic decision had been taken, PFA investigated the merits of steel and aluminium bodyshells. Using criteria ranging from the need to fit in with the existing production process to weight reduction potential and minimal technical risk, Alusuisse was chosen as a development partner. Other considerations included low investment costs and the need for the body elements to form part of the load-bearing structure. The result was the concept chosen for the 1994 prototype which retained the steel underframe, used prefabricated aluminium sidewalls, bolted joints between the body sections, and a roof formed of glued sandwich elements.Cost savings were immediately obvious in terms of a shorter assembly time, but an overall saving was not achieved because of a decision to incorporate air-conditioning and a passenger information system. Analysis reveals that the total cost of rebodying is the same as refurbishment, but rebodied cars should be much more attractive to passengers.Two typesThe build of 55 vehicles includes 11 driving trailers. Starting again from a Type Bmh2329 second class DR coach, the underframe has to be modified for the different door configuration. A steel profile is added to form the link with the aluminium sidewalls. The driving trailers also receive a block structure to which the self-supporting driver’s cab is later glued.The side and end walls are assembled from welded aluminium extruded profiles which are bolted to the steel profile on the undeframe. Structural strength is increased by cross-members at roof level; the roof is formed of glued sandwich elements.To allow standard fittings for all the intermediate second class coaches, the driving trailers incorporate the first class accommodation and special requirements such as features for disabled people. Behind the cab is a 22-seat first class saloon, an entrance area with single-leaf sliding plug doors, and two five-seat first class compartments; the saloon’s location means that passengers will not be disturbed by people walking through the train. Those seated facing forward will enjoy a view of the track ahead through a glass partition at the rear of the cab.A multi-purpose area with folding seats and space for cycles is located in the centre of the car, and at the rear is an office and wheelchair-accessible toilet. An eight-seat second class saloon with wheelchair space completes the accommodation.The intermediate cars are divided into three saloons with 25, 38 and 23 seats. Twin-leaf sliding-plug doors are controlled by the driver. Passengers need only move the handle to activate internal doors.Compact air-conditioning modules are mounted in the roof over the entrances with deep air intakes over the doors so that there is little risk of the equipment sucking in exhaust fumes from a diesel loco. The cab is also air-conditioned.Ribbon glazing is glued to the sidewalls, and the first class windows are fitted with roller blinds. Post-formed interior panelling is used.The passenger information system includes screens in all saloons and exterior displays for passengers on the platform. An emergency call point is provided at each entrance and in the wheelchair-accessible toilet; all toilets are of the vacuum-retention type.Reconditioned bogies with disc brakes are taken from Type Bm281 cars converted to Intercity driving trailers which have been fitted with new running gear and load-sensitive brake equipment.Spin-off benefitsThe rationale behind the PumA programme was entirely based on economic considerations, but there were a number of environmental spin-off benefits. Compared with scrapping and remanufacture, reuse of the bogies and underframe achieves an energy saving equivalent to the needs of an average German household over 30 years. As many as 150 components such as buffers and brake valves were recovered from other vehicles and reconditioned; the benefit of this compared with straight use of replacement parts is substantial, but difficult to quantify.Thanks to use of aluminium and other light materials, weight of the intermediate cars was reduced from 40 to 39 tonnes, despite the addition of air-conditioning, a closed toilet system and other equipment. Assuming each car runs 225000 km a year, annual energy savings equate to the amount of energy consumed annually by three average German households. In practice, the saving is not achieved, as energy is required to power the air-conditioning.Co-operation between PFA and DB in the rebodying programme suggests that there is a considerable future for PumA-based technology. Experience gained with the project highlighted the limits and possibilities, revealing that major work on the underframe or bogie quickly notches up high costs. It is clear that options for refurbishment, rebodying or new build depend on different circumstances and requirements, but the ability to produce as-new vehicles on a series production basis is an important success criterion. oCAPTION: Driving trailers nearing completion in the PFA works at WeidenCAPTION: Before and after. An old DR coach has been transformed into an attractive air-conditioned vehicleCAPTION: Aluminium sidewalls have been bolted to the steel underframe; the roof is formed of glued sandwich elementsReferences1. Günther Dr D, Ansätze beim Umbau von Reisezugwagen. VDI Berichte 1089, VDI-Verlag 1993.2. Schwarz, Schlosser, Klast_img read more